Makgi (막기) Blocking
Techniques of protecting the vital parts of the defender’s body from the assailant’s attack by blocking it off with a hand, arm, foot or leg
Cheo-makgi (Striking Block) is one of the conventional blocking skills frequently used in defensive taekwondo techniques. The defender confronts the assailant’s attack by matching force for force. Occasionally, bada-makgi (Absorbing Block) absorbing the impact of punching and kicking attacks, georeo-makgi (Tripping Block) obstructing the offense in advance, and geodeo-makgi (Deflecting Block) deflecting or pushing off the opponent’s attack are also employed.
A technique of executing anpalmok-bakkat-makgi (Inside Wrist Outward Block) and naeryeo-makgi (Downward Block) simultaneously.
This skill is named after a scissoring motion of crossing both arms each other at the front of the chest. One hand makes an outward block with the inside wrist while the other makes a downward block with the outside wrist simultaneously to block the attack of the assailant aimed at the trunk and lower body of the defender.
Gawi-makgi (가위막기) Scissors Block
A blocking technique of one hand with the support of the other
This is a supporting motion of the other hand to generate a stronger force when blocking the opponent’s attack. It is also used as a preparatory motion to follow up the next move.
Geodeureo-makgi (거들어막기) Supporting Block
A technique of combining ollyeo-makgi (Upward Block) and naeryeo-yeom-makgi (Downward Side Block) or bakkat-makgi (Outward Block)
This skill is named after the statue of Geumgangyeoksa (literally, Diamond Warrior). When the opponent attacks the face and trunk or the face and lower body simultaneously, the defender may block upward with one hand to protect the face and block downward or outward with the other hand to protect the trunk or lower body. The defender may use the Hand Blades as well.
Geumgang (naeryeo-yeom) makgi / 금강 (내려 옆)막기 / Geumgang (Downward Side) Block
Geumgang-bakkat-makgi / 금강 바깥막기 / Geumgang Outward Block
Sonnal-geumgang (naeryeo-yeom) makgi / 손날 금강 (내려 옆)막기 / Hand Blade (Downward Side) Block Sonnal-geumgang-bakkat-makgi / 손날 금강 바깥막기 / Hand Blade Outward Block
Geumgang-makgi (금강막기) Geumgang Block Block
A technique of blocking the assailant’s attack downward from top to bottom.
This is a skill of blocking downward when the opponent attacks the defender’s stomach or genitals. One may use bakkatpalmok (Outside Wrist), batangson (Palm Heel), sonnal (Hand Blade), etc. to block from the chest level to the groin area.
Geodeureo-naeryeo-makgi / 거들어 내려막기 / Supporting Downward Block
(bakkatpalmok) naeryeo-makgi [=Arae-makgi] / (바깥팔목) 내려막기 [=아래막기] / (Outside Wrist) Downward Block [=Low Block]
Sonnal-geodeureo-naeryeo-makgi / 손날 거들어 내려막기 / Hand Blade Supporting Downward Block Sonnal-naeryeo-makgi / 손날 내려막기 / Hand Blade Downward Block
Sonnaldeung-geodeureo-naeryeo-makgi / 손날등 거들어 내려막기 / Ridge Hand Supporting Downward Block
Naeryeo-makgi (내려막기) Downward Block Block
A blocking technique of pressing downward against the assailant’s attack
This is a skill of blocking the assailant's attack aimed at the stomach by pressing the defender's hand down from the chest level to the lower body. The Outside Wrist, Palm Heel, Hand Blade, etc. can be employed.
(Bakkatpalmok) nulleo-makgi / (바깥팔목) 눌러막기 / (Outside Wrist) Pressing Block
Batangson-nulleo-makgi / 바탕손 눌러막기 / Palm Heel Pressing Block
Sonnal-nulleo-makgi / 손날 눌러막기 / Hand Blade Pressing Block
Nulleo-makgi (눌러막기) Pressing Block Block
A technique of blocking the assailant’s attack from the inside to the outside of the defender’s body
This is a blocking skill with a motion from the inside to the outside of defender’s body using baggatpalmok (Outside Wrist), anpalmok (Inside Wrist), sonnal (Hand Blade), gupinsonmok (Bent Wrist), etc. when the assailant attacks from the outside or front side of the defender.
Gupinsonmok-bakkat-makgi / 굽힌손목 바깥막기 / Bent Wrist Outward Block
(Bakkatpalmok) geodeureo-bakkat-makgi / (바깥팔목) 거들어 바깥막기 / (Outside Wrist) Supporting Outward Block
(Bakkatpalmok) Bakkat-makgi / (바깥팔목) 바깥막기 / (Outside Wrist) Outward Block
Anpalmok-geodeureo-bakkat-makgi / 안팔목 거들어 바깥막기 / Inside Wrist Supporting Outward Block
Anpalmok-bakkat-makgi / 안팔목 바깥막기 / Inside Wrist Outward Block
Sonnal-geodeureo-bakkat-makgi / 손날 거들어 바깥막기 / Hand Blade Supporting Outward Block
Sonnal-bakkat-makgi / 손날 바깥막기 / Hand Blade Outward Block
Sonnaldeung-geodeureo-bakkat-makgi / 손날등 거들어 바깥막기 / Ridge Hand Supporting Outward Block
Sonnaldeung-bakkat-makgi / 손날등 바깥막기 / Ridge Hand Outward Block
Sonbadak-geodeureo-anpalmok-bakkat-makgi / 손바닥 거들어 안팔목 바깥막기 / Palm Supporting Inside Wrist Outward Block
Bakkat-makgi (바깥막기) Outward Block
A technique of alleviating the impact of the assailant’s attack by absorbing it with a hand or foot of the defender
This is a skill of reducing the shock and pain generated by the assailant’s attack by buffering its direct path of attack.
Balbadak-badamakgi / 발바닥 받아막기 / Foot Sole Absorbing Block
Sonbadak-badamakgi / 손바닥 받아막기 / Palm Absorbing Block
Junggangi-badamakgi / 정강이 받아막기 / Shin Absorbing Block
Bada-makgi (받아막기) Absorbing Block
A technique of blocking with the opposite hand of the advancing foot with a twisting motion of the body
This is a blocking skill using the opposite arm and leg to block and advance simultaneously. When advancing the left foot, the defender twists his or her body from the right to the left side and uses the right hand as a blocking surface and vice versa.
(Bakkatpalmok) biteureo-naeryeo-makgi / (바깥팔목) 비틀어 내려막기 / (Outside Wrist) Twisting Downward Block
(Bakkatpalmok) biteureo-bakkat-makgi / (바깥팔목) 비틀어 바깥막기 / (Outside Wrist) Twisting Outward Block
Sonnaldeung-biteureo-bakkat-makgi / 손날등 비틀어 바깥막기 / Ridge Hand Twisting Outward Block
Sonnal-biteureo-yeop-makgi / 손날 비틀어 옆막기 / Hand Blade Twisting Side Block
Sonnal-biteureo-bakkat-makgi / 손날 비틀어 바깥막기 / Hand Blade Twisting Outward Block
Anpalmok-biteureo-bakkat-makgi / 안팔목 비틀어 바깥막기 / Inside Wrist Twisting Outward Block
Biteureo-makgi (비틀어막기) Twisting Block
A technique of blocking with both the inside and outside edges of the wrists simultaneously
This is a skill of blocking two simultaneous attacks aimed at the defender’s face with the inside edge of the wrist to the clockwise direction and with the outside edge of the wrist to the counterclockwise direction. This block is a skill of blocking both sides at the same time with one’s arms in the shape of a mountain. Also, the Hand Blade and the Ridge Hand can be used.
(Palmok) santeul-makgi / (팔목) 산틀막기 / (Wrist) Mountain Block
Pyeonson-santeul-makgi / 편손 산틀막기 / Open Hand Mountain Block
Hecheo-santeul-makgi / 헤쳐 산틀막기 / Double Mountain Block
Santeul-makgi (산틀막기) Mountain Block
A technique of blocking from the outside to the inside of the defender’s body with the hand, foot, arm or leg
When the assailant attacks from the front, the blocking surfaces such as ‘Outside Wrist’ (outside edge of the wrist), ‘Knife Hand’ (the outside edge of hand), ‘Palm Heel’ (heel of the palm) and ‘Reverse Foot Blade’ (inside edge of the foot) are employed to block it from the outside of defender’s body to the inside.
(Bakkatpalmok) an-makgi [=Momtong-makgi] / (바깥팔목) 안막기 [=몸통막기] / (Outside Wrist) Inward Block [=Trunk Block]
Batangson-an-makgi / 바탕손 안막기 / Palm Heel Inward Block
Balnaldeung-an-makgi / 발날등 안막기 / Reverse Foot Blade Inward Block
Sonnal-an-makgi / 손날 안막기 / Hand Blade Inward Block
Anpalmok-an-makgi / 안팔목 안막기 / Inside Wrist Inward Block
An-makgi (안막기) Inward Block
A technique of blocking the opponent’s strike from the side
This is a skill of blocking the opponent’s attack coming from the side by using the Outside Wrist, the Inside Wrist, the Hand Blade, the Ridge Hand and so forth. This skill is executed by swinging a hand from the inside to the side and occasionally, one may use both hands to block ? one hand blocks with the support of the other.
(Bakkapalmok) geodeureo-naerye-yeommakgi / (바깥팔목) 거들어 내려 옆막기 / (Outside Wrist) Supporting Downward Side Block
(Bakkatpalmok) geodeureo-yeom-makgi / (바깥팔목) 거들어 옆막기 / (Outside Wrist) Supporting Side Block
(Bakkatpalmok) naeryeo-yeom-makgi / (바깥팔목) 내려 옆막기 / (Outside Wrist) Downward Side Block
(Bakkatpalmok) yeommakgi / (바깥팔목) 옆막기 / (Outside Wrist) Side Block
Sonnal-geodeureo-naeryeo-yeom-makgi / 손날 거들어 내려 옆막기 / Hand Blade Supporting Downward Side Block
Sonnal-geodeureo-yeom-makgi / 손날 거들어 옆막기 / Hand Blade Supporting Side Block
Sonnal-naeryeo-yeom-makgi / 손날 내려 옆막기 / Hand Blade Downward Side Block
Sonnaldeung-geodeureo-naeryeo-yeom-makgi / 손날등 거들어 내려 옆막기 / Ridge Hand Supporting Downward Side Block
Sonnaldeung-yeom-makgi / 손날등 옆막기 / Ridge Hand Side Block
Sonnal-yeom-makgi / 손날 옆막기 / Hand Blade Side Block
Anpalmok-geodeureo-yeom-makgi / 안팔목 거들어 옆막기 / Inside Wrist Supporting Side Block
Anpalmok-yeom-makgi / 안팔목 옆막기 / Inside Wrist Side Block
Yeom-makgi (옆막기) Side Block
A technique of blocking the opponent’s attack upward
When attacked, the defender can use the Outside Wrist, Hand Blade or Palm Heel to block upward from the lower to the upper position.
Gupinsonmok-ollyeo-makgi / 굽힌손목 올려막기 / Bent Wrist Upward Block
Kkeureoolligi [=Anpalmok-ollyeo-makgi] / 끌어올리기 [=안팔목 올려막기] / Kkuereo-olligi [=Inside Wrist Upward Block]
(Bakkatpalmok) ollyeo-makgi [=eolgul-makgi] / (바깥팔목) 올려막기 [=얼굴막기] / (Outside Wrist) Upward Block [=Face Block]
Sonnal-ollyeo-makgi / 손날 올려막기 / Hand Blade Upward Block
Ollyeo-makgi (올려막기) Upward Block
A technique of combining anpalmok-bakkat-makgi (Inside Wrist Outward Block) and bakkatpalmok-naryeo-makgi (Outside Wrist Downward Block)
This is a skill of blocking the attacks aimed at the face and the lower part of the body. The face is blocked with the Inside Wrist of one hand while the lower part of the body with the Outside Wrist of the other hand to the side. The defender may use a combination of the Hand Blade and Ridge Hand (the inside edge of the hand) instead.
(Palmok) oe-santeul-makgi / (팔목) 외산틀막기 / (Wrist) Single Mountain Block
Pyeonson-oe-santeul-makgi / 편손 외산틀막기 / Open Hand Single Mountain Block
Oesanteul-makgi (외산틀막기) Single Mountain Block
A technique of blocking the assailant’s attack by striking it with the foot or leg
This blocking skill is to directly confront the opponent’s advance by striking it with the leg or foot, causing serious injury to the attacker. This skill makes defense and offense possible at the same time.
Bakkat-cha-makgi / 바깥 차막기 / Outward Kicking Block
An-cha-makgi / 안 차막기 / Inward Kicking Block
Ap-cha-makgi / 앞 차막기 / Front Kicking Block
Yeop-cha-makgi / 옆 차막기 / Side Kicking Block
Cha-makgi (차막기) Kicking Block
A technique of blocking the opponent’s attack by striking it with the hand or arm
This blocking skill is to directly confront the assailant's attack by strike it with the arm or hand, causing severe damage to the opponent. This skill makes defense and offense possible at the same time.
Naeryeo (cheo) makgi / 내려 (쳐)막기 / Downward (Striking) Block
Bakkat (cheo) makgi / 바깥 (쳐)막기 / Outward (Striking) Block
An (cheo) makgi / 안 (쳐)막기 / Inward (Striking) Block
Olryeo (cheo) makgi / 올려 (쳐)막기 / Upward (Striking) Block
Chye-makgi (쳐막기) Striking Block
A blocking technique by crossing both wrists and pulling them out to the sides
When the two opponents attack from two opposite sides, the defender crosses both wrists each other and pulls them away from each other in opposite directions. The blocking surfaces can be either the inside wrist or the outside wrists.
(Bakkat-palmok) heocheo-makgi / (바깥팔목) 헤쳐막기 / (Outside Wrist) Double Block
Sonnal-heocheo-makgi / 손날 헤쳐막기 / Hand Blade Double Block
Sonnal-deung-heocheo-makgi / 손날등 헤쳐막기 / Ridge Hand Double Block
An-palmok-heocheo-makgi / 안팔목 헤쳐막기 / Inside Wrist Double Block
Hecheo-makgi (헤쳐막기) Double (Outward) Block
A blocking technique of lifting the outside edges of both wrists over the head
This is a blocking skill employed when the assailant attacks over the head of the defender. The defender lifts both arms abruptly over the head at a sloping angle in the shape of bull’s horns so that the opponent’s power is weakened down along the diagonal lines of the lifted forearms.
Hwangso-makgi (황소막기) Bull Block
A technique of pushing off the assailant’s attack to the side of the defender's body
This is a skill to deflect the opponent’s attack abruptly with a hand or arm and break away from the direction of the attacker.
Naeryeo-makgi / 내려막기 / Downward Block
Bakkat-makgi / 바깥막기 / Outward Block
An-makgi / 안막기 / Inward Block
Ollyeo-makgi / 올려막기 / Upward Block
Geodeo-makgi (걷어막기) Deflecting Block
A technique of intercepting the opponent’s attack in advance
This is a blocking skill to trip up the assailant's attacking hand or foot with the defender's arm or leg to intercept the attack in advance. In gyeorugi (sparring) situations, when at close range with the opponent, the athlete may lift up both arms to prevent the opponent from landing a kick on the face.
Balnal-georeo-makgi / 발날 걸어막기 / Foot Blade Tripping Block
Sonnal-eotgeoreo-makgi / 손날 엇걸어막기 / Hand Blade Cross Block
(Palmok) eotgeoreo-makgi / (팔목) 엇걸어막기 / (Wrist) Cross Block
Georeo-makgi (걸어막기) Tripping Block