Junbi-jase (준비자세) Ready Posture
Postures for physical relaxation, breath control and mental focus before executing taekwondo techniques
There are six fundamental, standardized postures in poomsae (patterns) whereas individuals may freely adopt postures in georugi (sparring) in accordance with their physical conditions and characteristics.
A posture freely taken by two opponents before sparring starts
Standing sideways, one clenches both fists with the front arm bent about 90° and a hand lifted up to the level of the shoulder. The other arm is placed in front of the solar plexus, one fist width away. This posture is supposed to make offensive and defensive movements exchangeable at any time. If the left foot is in front, it is wen-gyeorumsae and when the right foot is in front, oren-gyeorumsae.
Oreun-dora-ditgi / 오른 돌아딛기 / Right Turn Stance
Wen-dora-ditgi / 왼 돌아딛기 / Left Turn Stance
Gyeorugi-junbi (겨루기준비) Sparring Posture [=겨룸새: gyeorumsae]
A ready posture with both hands overlapped in front of dangeon
This is a ready posture in the form of moa-seogi for the feet. Both hands are overlapped across each other with the left hand on top of the right. The overlapped hands should be slightly apart from the dangeon area.
Gyeopson-junbi (겹손준비) Overlapped-hand Posture
A basic posture adopted before starting most poomsae
This is a ready posture starting in a state of moa-seogi for the feet by moving the left foot one step to the side. Draw the open hands up to the level of the solar plexus and, as one breathes out, slowly transfer both fists to the level of danjeon.
Gibon-junbi (기본준비) Basic Posture
A ready posture with both fists at the side of the waistline
This is a ready posture with hammer fists placed on the waist. Starting in the form of moa-seogi for the feet, the back knuckles should face down and the elbows completely pulled back so that they cannot be seen from the frontal view.
Dujumeok-heori-junbi (두주먹허리준비) Two-fist-on-the-waist Posture
A ready posture of wrapping the right fist with the left hand and lifting them up to the front of the body
In moa-seogi (Closed Stance), the right hand is clenched into a fist while the left hand is open wide to cover the right hand gently. The two hands should be lifted up from danjeon (the lower abdomen) to the philtrum or chest.
Bojumeok-junbi (보주먹준비) Covered Fist Posture
A ready posture appearing to push a log with the two palms
In narani-seogi (Parallel Stance), both hand blades are lifted from danjeon all the way to the face. Then, the two hands are pushed forward slowly as if one pushes a log away.
Tongmilgi-junbi (통밀기준비) Log Pushing Posture