A technique of striking two targets simultaneously with both feet widely separated
This is a striking skill to jump and spread both feet in the shape of scissors and hit two different targets in the air at the same time. One foot employs biteureo-chagi while the other foot yeop-chagi (Side Kick).
Gawi-chagi (dubang): biteureo-chigi + yoep-chagi / 가위차기 (두 방): 비틀어차기 + 옆차기 / Sissors’ Kick (two targets): Twist Kick + Side Kick
Gawi-chagi-sebang: gawi-chagi + dollyeo-chagi / 가위차기 세 방: 가위차기 + 돌려차기 / Scissors Kick with three targets: Scissors Kick + Turn Kick
Gawi-chagi-nebang: gawi-chagi + dollyeo-chagi + huryeo-chagi / 가위차기 네 방: 가위차기 + 돌려차기 + 후려차기 / Scissors Kick with four targets: Scissors Kick + Turn Kick + Whip Kick
Gawi-chagi-daseotbang: ap-chagi + gawi-chagi + dollyeo-chagi + huryeo-chagi / 가위차기 다섯 방: 앞차기 + 가위차기 + 돌려차기 + 후려차기 / Scissors Kick with five targets: Front Kick + Scissors Kick + Turn Kick + Whip Kick
Gawi-chagi (가위차기) Scissors Kick
Chagi (차기) Kicking
Techniques of striking a target with the feet by extending or turning legs
They are the skills to dominate the opponent in a confrontation by delivering a strike with the foot. They are offensive skills using the power generated from flexing and extending the knee or swinging the leg.
A technique of executing the same kind of kick successively with the same foot
This is a technique of striking the target with one foot several times with the same kind of kick while the other foot is in a fixed position.
Geodeup-dollyeo-chagi / 거듭 돌려차기 / Repeating Turn Kick
Geodeup-ap-chagi / 거듭 앞차기 / Repeating Front kick
Geodeup-yeop-chagi / 거듭 옆차기 / Repeating Side kick
Geodeup-chagi (거듭차기) Repeating Kick
A technique of turning oneself vertically in the air and kicking a target with one or both feet.
The performer uses his or her waist as an axis to jump up and turn over in the air in order to strike a target high above the head with one or both feet and land safely on the ground.
Gongjungjebi-modum-(ap)chagi / 공중제비 모둠(앞)차기 / Jumping Flip Drawing (Front) Kick
Gongjungjebi-(ap)chagi / 공중제비(앞)차기 / Jumping Flip (Front) Kick
Gongjungjebi-chagi (공중제비차기) Jumping Flip Kick
A technique of stamping a foot on the ground and consecutively striking a target with the same stamping foot
This is a kicking skill in which the front foot is lifted off the ground and stamped hard enough to gain a momentum. When the following rear foot is about to touch the ground, one kicks the target with the pounded foot. This skill is commonly applied to ap-chagi, dolryeo-chagi, yeop-chagi, etc.
Gulleo-chagi (굴러차기) Stamping Kick
A technique of executing Turning Kicks alternately with both feet in the air
The first kick is a feint motion so that the leg is not fully extended. The second kick is to be used to strike a target with precision and power.
Narae-chagi (나래차기) Wing Kicks
A technique of striking a target with the back of the heel by bending the knee
When the opponent evades one’s side kick and closes in, one can use the power generated from the extended knee by bending it and striking the back of the opponent’s head or back. One may also hook the neck or the back of the knee according to the circumstances.
Nakka-chagi (낚아차기) Hook Kick
A technique of striking a target from the upper to lower direction
This is a striking skill using the sole of the foot or the back of the heel aiming at the opponent’s face or shoulder. Naeryeo-chagi is usually performed with the knee bent, lifted, extended forward, and then striking vertically downward on the opponent. In sparring, the strike can be performed inward or outward depending on the position of the opponent.
Dwidola-ttwieo-naeryeo-chagi / 뒤돌아 뛰어 내려차기 / Back Jumping Downward Kick
Balbucheo-naeryeo-chagi / 발붙여 내려차기 / Supporting Downward Kick
Japgo-naeryeo-chagi / 잡고 내려치기 / Holding Downward Kick
Naeryeo-chagi (내려차기) Downward Kick
Kicking techniques used for striking targets placed in various locations with one leap.
This is a skill of breaking several targets located in various directions consecutively by throwing oneself up into the air with one big leap.
Dabangyang-chagi (다방향차기) Multi-direction Kick
A technique of jumping backward to deliver a kick
To deceive or to strike the opponent harder, the front foot is used as an axis to make a full or more turns backward to deliver a kick.
(360º) dolgae-chagi / (360도) 돌개차기 / (360º) Whirl Kick
540º dolgae-chagi / 540도 돌개차기 / 540º Whirl Kick
720º dolgae-chagi / 720도 돌개차기 / 720º Whirl Kick
Dolgae-chagi (돌개차기): Whirl Kick Dolgaechagi
A technique of turning the foot inward to strike a target
This is a skill of pivoting the supporting leg and completely turning the hip in to strike the opponent’s face or trunk with the ball of the foot or the instep. A turning kick is generally employed to strike the opponent’s vital points such as temples and ribs with the ball of the foot. In sparring and kicking practice, the instep is utilized in order to expand the area of the striking surface or to avoid injuring the opponent while still getting points.
Baldeung-dollyeo-chagi / 발등 돌려차기 / Instep Turn Kick
Apchuk-dollyeo-chagi / 앞축 돌려차기 / Turn Kick with the ball of the foot
Gulleo-dollyeo-chagi / 굴러 돌려차기 / Stamping Turn Kick
Ttwieo-dollyeo-chagi / 뛰어 돌려차기 / Jumping Turn Kick
Modum-dollyeo-chagi / 모둠 돌려차기 / Drawing Turn Kick
Balbuchyeo-dollyeo-chagi / 발붙여 돌려차기 / Skipping Turn Kick
Japgo-dollye-chagi / 잡고 돌려차기 / Holding Turn kick
Dollyeo-chagi (돌려차기) Turning Kick
A technique of jumping up and kicking the front target with both feet in sequence
The leading foot (rear foot) is used as a feint motion by kicking it low. The following foot (front foot) strikes the front target with precision by kicking it high.
Dubaldangseong-chagi (두발당성차기) Flying Kick
A technique of striking the target by bending the knee and thrusting backward
This is a skill of striking the opponent with the bottom of the heel in his or her stomach or chest. This is generally employed by turning one’s body backward and executing a kick when the opponent is in front. Occasionally, one may deliver a straight kick in a fixed position to the target.
Dwi-chagi / 뒤차기 / Back (Thrust) Kick
Ttwieo-dwi-chagi / 뛰어 뒤차기 / Jumping Back (Thrust) Kick
Dwi-chagi (뒤차기) Back (Thrust) Kick
A technique of jumping and striking a target
This is a skill of jumping forward and striking a high or distant target unreachable from a stationery posture. When this skill is combined with kicking techniques such as ap-chagi, dolryeo-chagi, yeop-chagi, naeryeo-chage, dwi-chagi and dwi-huryeo-chagi, they can be classified under this general term.
Ttwieo-chagi (뛰어차기) Jumping Kick
A technique of striking the same target with both feet simultaneously
This is a kicking skill of drawing one’s feet together in the air to strike the same target. Such kicking skills as modum-ap-chagi, modum-dollyeo-chagi and modum-yeop-chagi can be classified under this general term.
Modum-chagi (모둠차기) Drawing Kick
A technique of pushing the opponent with the foot
This is a pushing technique to make the opponent fall or to maintain some distance with him or her by using the ball or sole of the foot.
Mireo-ap-chagi / 밀어 앞차기 / Pushing Front Kick
Mireo-yeop-chagi / 밀어 옆차기 / Pushing Side Kick
Mireo-chagi (밀어차기) Pushing Kick
A striking technique using the outside edge of the foot (Foot Blade) traveling from the inside to the outside.
This is a skill of striking the side of the opponent’s face with the blade of the foot by swinging the foot widely with the knee, facing up from the inside to the outside of the performer.
Bakkat-chagi (바깥차기) Outward Kick
A technique of counterattacking the opponent’s attack.
When the opponent launches a kicking attack in sparring, one can counter it with such skills as dolryeo-chagi (Turn Kick or Roundhouse Kick), naeryeo-chagi (Downward Kick), dwi-chagi (Back Kick), dwihuryeo-chagi (Back Whip Kick), etc. This common term is used for all such circumstances.
Dwitbal-bada-chagi / 뒷발 받아차기 / Rear Foot Counter Kick
Apbal-bada-chagi / 앞발 받아차기 / Front Foot Counter Kick
Bada-chagi (받아차기) Counter Kick
A technique of bringing the rear foot to the position of the front foot and immediately striking the target with the front foot.
This skill is commonly used when the opponent is out of range and/or the performer cannot reach the opponent from a stationery posture. In order to close the distance between the performer and the opponent and/or to increase speed and power of the kick, make a skipping step forward with the rear foot and bring it in close to the heel of the front foot. Simultaneously, deliver a blow to the head or trunk of the opponent with the front foot. When this skill is combined with kicking techniques such as balbucheo-dolryeo-chagi (Skipping Turn Kick), balbucheo-yeop-chagi (Skipping Side Kick) and balbucheo-huryeo-chagi (Skipping Whip Kick), they can be classified under this general term.
Balbucheo-chagi (발붙여차기) Skipping Kick
A technique of striking a target from the inside to the outside of the body with the instep
When the opponent advances with dolryeo-chagi and naeryeo-chagi, one may take a step to the left or the right and strike the opponent’s face or trunk from the inside to the outside of one’s body.
Ttwieo-biteureo-chagi / 뛰어 비틀어차기 / Jumping Twisting Kick
(Baldeung) Biteureo-chagi / (발등) 비틀어차기 / (Instep) Twisting Kick
Japgo-biteureo-chagi / 잡고 비틀어차기 / Holding Twisting Kick
Biteureo-chagi (비틀어차기) Twisting Kick
다리를 접었다 내뻗으며 목표물을 가격하는 기술.
앞축이나 뒤축 등을 이용하여 무릎을 가슴 가까이 접었다 내뻗으며 상대방의 얼굴이나 몸통 등을 수직으로 가격하는 기술로서 ‘앞차기, 옆차기, 뒤차기’ 등을 통칭한다.
A technique of striking a target from the outside to the inside of the performer with the inside edge of the foot (Reverse Foot Blade)
This is a skill that requires swinging of the foot from the outside to the inside with the knee facing upward. This skill is designed to strike the side of an opponent’s face with the reverse foot blade and is used in such skills as pyojeok-chagi (Target Kick).
An-chagi (안차기) Inward Kick
A technique to strike a target in front of the performer with the foot
This is a skill of delivering a blow to the opponent’s chin, solar plexus, stomach, etc. with one’s instep, the ball of the foot, or the bottom of the heel. Commonly, ap-chagi is executed by bending the knee and extending it to kick straight into the target. Occasionally, one can kick straight up to the opponent’s chin and testicles. One may also push the opponent with the foot to maintain the distance with him or her.
Dwichuk-ap-chagi / 뒤축 앞차기 / Front Kick with the heel of the foot
Ttwieo-dubal-ap-chagi / 뛰어 두발 앞차기 / Jumping Two-foot Front Kick
Ttwieo-ap-chagi / 뛰어 앞차기 / Jumping Front Kick
Modum-ap-chagi / 모둠 앞차기 / Drawing Front Kick
Baldeung-ap-chagi / 발등 앞차기 / Instep Front Kick
Apchuk-ap-chagi / 앞축 앞차기 / Front Kick with the ball of the foot
Japgo-ap-chagi / 잡고 앞차기 / Holding Front Kick
Ap-chagi (앞차기) Front (Snap) Kick
A technique of delivering a kick by turning one’s body to the side
This is a skill of striking the opponent’s face or chest with the outside edge of the foot or the bottom of the foot. The side kick is usually performed by turning one’s body to the side and at the same time bending the leg and extending it to kick the target. In some circumstances, one may push the opponent with the foot to maintain the distance from the opponent.
Gulleo-yeop-chagi / 굴러 옆차기 / Stamping Side Kick
Ttwieo-yeop-chagi / 뛰어 옆차기 / Jumping Side kick
Modum-yeop-chagi / 모둠 옆차기 / Drawing Side Kick
Balbutye-yeop-chagi / 발붙여 옆차기 / Skipping Side Kick
Japgo-yeop-chagi / 잡고 옆차기 / Holding Side Kick
Yeop-chagi (옆차기) Side (Thrust) Kick
A technique of performing the same kind of kick by alternating the use of each foot in sequence
In practice, the same kind of kicking skill is performed alternately with both feet until mastery is acquired. In sparring, a skill such as dolryeo-chagi is executed consecutively and this can be expressed as ieo-dolryeo-chagi (Alternating Turn Kick).
Ieo-chagi (이어차기) Alternating Kick
A technique of holding part of the opponent’s body and striking with the foot
This is a skill of immobilizing the opponent by holding part of the opponent’s body and kicking him or her. These skills are combined with various kicking techniques and can be named japgo-ap-chagi, japgo-dolryeo-chagi, japgo-yeop-chagi, japgo-naeryeo-chagi, japgo-biteuryeo-chagi, japgo-huryeo-chagi and so forth.
Japgo-chagi (잡고차기) Holding Kick
A technique of stamping on the opponent’s instep with the performer's foot
This is a skill of stepping on the opponent’s instep so that he or she cannot move or escape or crushing it into the ground.
Jitjjiki (짓찧기) Stamping to the instep
A technique of making a target with the open hand and kicking into it
When practicing poomsae (patterns), one makes an imaginary target with one’s hand and strikes it with an-chagi (Inward kick).
Pyojeok-chagi (표적차기) Target Kick
A technique of whipping the bottom of the foot in a wide curve and striking the target
This is a skill of whipping the sole or the back of the foot and striking the opponent’s face. Generally, this kick is executed with one’s body facing front, the knee bending and extending, and the bottom of the foot swinging into the target. Occasionally, this kick can be done without bending the knee or by turning one’s body backward.
360º Dwi-huryeo-chagi / 360도 뒤후려차기 / 360º Back Whip Kick
540º Dwi-huryeo-chagi / 540도 뒤후려차기 / 540º Back Whip Kick
Dwi-huryeo-chagi / 뒤후려차기 / Back Whip Kick
Dwitbal-dwi-huryeo-chagi / 뒷발 후려차기 / Rear Leg Whip Kick
Ttwieo-dwi-huryeo-chagi / 뛰어 뒤후려차기 / Jumping Back Whip Kick
Japgo-balbutyeo-huryeo-chagi / 발붙여 후려차기 / Skipping Whip Kick
Apbal-huryeo-chagi / 앞발 후려차기 / Front Foot Whip Kick
Huryeo-chagi / 잡고 후려차기 / Holding Whip Kick
Huryeo-chagi (후려차기) Whipping Kick